The Oxford Roman Economy Project

Last modification : 14 February 2019

The Oxford Roman Economy Project

 The research program

The research programme addresses the fundamentals of the Roman imperial economy and analyses all major economic activities (including agriculture, trade, commerce, and extraction), utilising quantifiable bodies of archaeological and documentary evidence and placing them in the broader structural context of regional variation, distribution, size and nature of markets, supply and demand. The project studies the economy of the Roman world between the Republican period and Late Antiquity, with a particular focus on the period between 100 BC and AD 350, including the era of greatest imperial expansion and economic growth (to c. AD 200), followed by a century conventionally perceived as one of contraction or decline, and then something of a revival under the Tetrarchy and Constantine. Geographically, the project draws on material selected from all over the Mediterranean world

 The OXREP Databases

As part of the AHRC-funded first phase of the Oxford Roman Economy Project (2005-2010), a number of large databases were compiled, including databases of the Karanis Tax Rolls, of Roman mines and quarries, of shipwrecks, and of olive oil and wine presses. Key element of the second phase of the project (2010-2013) was to make these databases available in online form for scholars, both as a research device for scholars working on issues related to the Roman economy, and as a point of reference for publications resulting from the project.

The Databases

The following databases are now accessible online

  • The Karanis Tax Rolls Database, compiled by Rachel Lesser and Alan Bowman.
  • The Mines Database, compiled by Hannah Friedman and Andrew Wilson.
  • The Olive Oil and Wine Presses Database, compiled by Annalisa Marzano and Miko Flohr.
  • The Shipwrecks Database, compiled by Julia Strauss.
  • The Stone Quarries Database, compiled by Ben Russell.
  • The Water technology database, compiled by Andrew Wilson and Myrto Malouta