ANR CAECINA 2014-2017

Dernière modification : 23 février 2017

Its aim is to study the mutations of the Etruscan society from its emergence until its disappearance (VIIth-Ist century BC), with the influence of Italian populations (Celts, Ligurians, Romans…) and Mediterranean populations (Greeks, Carthaginians…), from a material and cultural point of view, paying close attention to Hellenisation, Celtisation and Romanisation phenomena.

Partners :
UMR 8546, AOROC et École française de Rome

Coordinator : Vincent Jolivet


While being an ongoing changing society, Etruria has kept a specific identity : deep footprint of the Orient (VIIth century), then of Greece (VIth=IVth centuries), and finally of Rome, directly or through the Koine Greek (from the IIIrd century).
These contributions are complex because of the close relation with the neighbouring populations, Italic and Celtic, with Rome and with the Mediterranean world.

 Geographical area

Historic Etruria, between the Tiber and the Arno, with its relations with the Italian peninsula and the Mediterranean world.

 Period of time

VIIth-Ist century BC, in order to understand the period between the revolution with an oriental influence and the disappearance of the Etruscan culture.

 Prefered lines of research

Five lines of research, where each team will have to define a range of occasional tasks ; to be distinguished :
1. Territory and borders, supervisor : Stéphane Bourdin,
• The development for this region of a tool that has already been successfully tested in Gaul, “L’Atlas de l’Âge du Fer”, will contribute to see the evolution of the Etruscan culture as a whole, while highlighting the specific nature of each centre and its territory.
• The excavation of an exceptional Etruscan Hellenistic Hypogeum, integrated in a wider study of the cave art phenomenon in inner Etruria, will give the opportunity to measure the debt of Etruria beside the Macedonian world and Asia Minor during the Hellenistic period.
• Finally, the exam of land borders, that are moving historiographically speaking as well as in its historic reality, will enable a closer study of the evolutions caused by the Italic people (Ligures, Umbri, Sabines, Latins…) with whom the Etruscans have been in contact.
With the participation of Katherine Gruel et Stéphane Verger, ainsi que de Laura Ambrosini, Cécile Batigne, Séverine Bézie, Henri Broise, Francesca Caprioli, Fiorenzo Catalli, Veronica Ciciolani, Giuseppina E. Cinque, Fanny Coche, Hélène Eristov, Françoise Gaultier, Laurent Haumesser, Thibault Lanfranchi, Julie Leone, Barbara Lepri, Edwige Lovergne, Natacha Lubtchansky, Frédérique Marchand, Laetitia Marchesson, Thierry Martin, Lucie Motta, Albéric Olivier, Carlo Persiani and Antonio Tagliacozzo.

2. Etruscans and Celts, supervisor : Thierry Lejars
• Some of the most important factors of evolution that were exercised on the Etruscan world comes from contacts with the Celts who settled down in successive waves, in the North of Italy, and in particular in an area with an Etruscan influence for a long time, the Emilie-Romagna and the current “Les Marches”
• This region forms then a large testing laboratory for cultural and anthropological phenomena involving aboriginal background, Etruscan culture and Celtic inputs, and for the consequences about the Etruscan culture evolution, including through the ruling class study in these exhanges, the one of border aristocracies.
With the participation of Katherine Gruel et Stéphane Verger, ainsi que de Renaud Bernardet, Stefania Casini, Maria Gloria Cerquetti, Veronica Ciciolani, Maurizio Cruciani, Audrey Gouy, Raffaele de Marinis, Emmanuel Dupraz, Maurizio Landolfi, Pierre-Yves Lambert, Fabio Milazzo, Emilie Mitsakis, Paola Piana Agostinetti, Marta Rapi and Marica Venturino Gambari.

3. Ports and mooring areas , supervisor Sara Combescure, Grégoire Poccardi
• The fundamental contact area formed by the coastline hasn’t been studied further concerning the contact and exchange mechanisms and their impact on the Etruscan society evolution.
• That is why we offer to study it thanks to an in-depth case study of the coastline of the large Etruscan city : Cerveteri, whose trade with the Mediterranean world was especially early and intense, and where the Roman colonies implantation has lead to deep and irreversible social mutations.
With the participation of Sara Nardi, Grégoire Poccardi, Nathalie André, Marco Anzidei, Manuel Botte, Solène Chevalier, Flavio Enei, Véronique Picard, Francesca Romana Stasolla and Ibtisem Tounsi.

4.The Etruscan language evolution, supervisor : Gilles van Heems,
• This very wide field will have to cooperate closely with the four lines of research above. Its aim is to grasp the transformations of the Etruscan society through two separate approaches : a strictly linguistic study, in order to specify the nature and intensity of the contacts with other populations ; the one of the vocabulary evolution of the Etruscan society, that indicates changes coming from these contacts, or after the Roman conquest.

With the participation of Valentina Belfiore, Enrico Benelli, Clara Berrendonner, Dominique Briquel, Maire-Laurence Haack, Jean Hadas-Lebel and Paolo Poccetti.
Vocabulary evolution of the Etruscan society in contact with other languages, and contribution to the database.

Organismes partenaires :

ANR - Agence Nationale de la Recherche ANR CAECINA - Contacts et Acculturation dans l’Étrurie Classique : Images, Notions, Artefacts AOrOc - UMR 8546-CNRS/PSL Ecole française de Rome